EXPLORE the City of Melbourne, the home of one of the world’s most harmonious and
culturally diverse communities. Residents from 180 countries live side by side, speaking over 233 languages and dialects and following 116 religious faiths. Over half of Melbournians were born or have a parent born overseas. Melbourne’s sister cities include Tianjin, Thessaloniki and Milan. Melbourne is also home to one of the largest populations of Chinese citizens outside China. Then there are the 3000 restaurants serving 70 national cuisines!
Our two hour walking tour from Federation Square to QV Centre 210 Lonsdale Street, looks at how Melbourne cultures have evolved since settlement including Indigenous, United Kingdom, Chinese, Greek and other cultures and how they are expressed through Multiculturalism today. We do hands-on activities, assign Melbourne cultural identities to each student and design your tour around your students’ learning needs (see photos on route below). We also invite students to try different ethnic snacks if teachers permit.
Transport: Trains run to Flinders St Station opposite Fed Square. There is bus parking east side (Russell Street) of Federation Square and bus parking outside the QV Centre, Lonsdale Street which is near Melbourne Central Station. Also free trams run to Fed Square.
Pt Cook College, August 2016.
We start from Federation Square which celebrates both the uniting of six British colonies in 1901 and the Kulin Nation of the The First People. We move to city locations reflecting the colonial culture of English, Welsh, Scottish, Irish settlers. At Chinatown we explore Melbourne’s oldest continuous ethnic community from the Gold Rush to vibrant precinct today. From there we move to the Greek precinct in Lonsdale Street exploring the influx of post-World War Two immigrants. We finish at the QV Centre which celebrates the struggle of the Womens’ Movement, including migrant women. Two levels of adjacent food courts reflect the multicultural foods that delight Melbournians today.
WE EXPLORE THE FIVE WAVES OF MIGRATION
The First Wave was European settlement from 1835 by primarily United Kingdom (Irish, Scottish, Welsh, English) immigrants who impacted heavily on Nearam, the home of the Wurundjeri and the Boonwurrung. The Second Wave was a flood of hopefuls from all over the world, including significant numbers of Chinese immigrants, trying their luck during the 1850s Gold Rush. The Third Wave was post-WWII displaced people from Europe and Assisted Migrants. By 1976, 20 per cent of the Melbourne’s population spoke a non-English first language.
The Fourth Wave came post-1970s from mainly Vietnam and Cambodia.
Fifth Wave: In recent times large numbers of refugees, economic migrants and students, have enlivened the multicultural fabric of Melbourne. 55% of students in Melbourne City are International students, most from Asia. In 2016 there were 175,000 International students in Melbourne, the most popular world destination after Paris!
OTHER POPULAR MULTICULTURAL DESTINATIONS IN MELBOURNE
Little Italy (Lygon Street), Richmond) is a historic home of Italian, Lebanese and Jewish communities. They arrived primarily because of economic hardship, particularly the devastation of wartime Europe. They have contributed to Australian society in all spheres. Lygon Street exemplifies the modern European way of life we enjoy in Melbourne.
Little Saigon in Victoria Street in Richmond showcases Asian immigration, foods, occupation and culture. The Vietnamese community began arriving in the 1970s as refugees of civil war (coining the phrase ‘boat people’) and then family reunification
Little Africa and Saigon Market, Footscray
A rich range of cultures has influenced Footscray over time including Horn of Africa, Asia and post World War Two European communities.